Car Accident Damages – Non-Economic & Excess Economic Losses


If you’re injured in a motor vehicle collision in Michigan, you may recover car accident damages from the at-fault driver, usually paid by the driver’s insurance company. No-fault PIP benefits provided by your own auto insurance provider do not include non-economic loss damages and excess economic loss damages.

Under the Michigan no-fault law, persons injured in auto accidents can bring a liability claim against the negligent driver who caused their injury. In this lawsuit — called a “liability claim” or an “auto negligence claim” — car crash victims can seek two types of damages: 1) non-economic loss damages and 2) excess economic loss damages.

In many car accident cases, injured parties may be eligible to file multiple claims, including a claim for no-fault benefits, as well as a liability claim against the at-fault driver responsible for the collision. Because of this, speaking with a qualified Michigan car crash lawyer to ensure every option is pursued on your behalf.

Request a free initial case evaluation or call us today at 866.758.0031

Injured in a Car Accident? You May Recover Non-Economic Loss Damages

If you’re injured in an auto accident, non-economic loss damages are the losses that affect your quality of life. They include:


  • pain and suffering
  • incapacity
  • disability
  • loss of function
  • diminished social pleasure and enjoyment
  • mental anguish and emotional distress
  • scarring and disfigurement

In order to bring a claim for non-economic loss damages, your injuries must satisfy Michigan’s “threshold injury” requirement. Because the standard for what constitutes a “threshold injury” is subject to change, it is important to seek the advice of an auto accident attorney in Michigan, who can help determine whether or not your injuries satisfy this threshold requirement and enable you to pursue a claim for non-economic loss damages.

Excess Economic Loss Damages From Auto Accident Injuries

Excess economic loss damages are the past, present, and future expenses not covered by your no-fault PIP benefits. These include damages for lost wages that exceed the 85% statutory maximum for PIP benefits. Excess economic loss damages also cover people too injured to return to work within the three-year period covered by PIP benefits. Every year, the work loss maximum benefit is adjusted. As of 2019, this benefit maximum is $5,700. Workers who make more than this would need to pursue a claim for excess economic loss damages against the at-fault driver of their accident.

According to the Michigan Supreme Court in Johnson v Recca, 492 Mich 169 (2012), excess economic loss damages do not include expenses for replacement services beyond what is covered by an injured individual’s PIP benefits.

It’s important to note that, unlike claims for non-economic loss damages, you do not need not show a “threshold injury” in order to recover damages for excess economic loss. This means you can collect damages for your excess economic loss even if your injuries do not rise to the level of “serious impairment of body function” or “permanent serious disfigurement.”


Michigan personal injury lawyer, Tom Sinas, explains lost wages and excess economic loss claims against the at-fault driver in this segment of Know the Law on Fox 17.

Fox 17 Know the Law Lost Wages in Crashes


Beware of Insurance Policies that Limit Auto Accident Damages

During the past several years, some Michigan auto insurance companies have begun using a rather troublesome tactic to try and limit their damage payouts to the insured’s relatives who are injured in a car accident. This tactic is called a  “step-down” insurance clause.

Step-down insurance clauses treat injured family members of the insured harsher than total strangers. What’s even worse, no-fault insurance policies often include these clauses without the policyholder even knowing. Oftentimes, the insured doesn’t find out about the policy’s limiting language until it’s too late. Unfortunately, this realization usually occurs after a family member is seriously injured in a car crash.

Check your auto insurance policy today for any language including “step-down” or “intra-family exclusionary” clauses.

Car Crash Damages – Why Lawyers Need to Understand the Total Impactlumbar-spine-xray-doctor

When it comes to assessing the damages suffered by a person injured in a car accident, Michigan auto accident attorneys too often compartmentalize the victim’s injuries into two categories: 1) objective evidence of the injuries and 2) the lifetime impact of the injuries. Many car accident lawyers in Michigan tend to first focus on the physical nature of injuries, any surgery, treatment, or therapy required, and the long-term residual deficits. They then turn their focus toward how the car accident injury has diminished the injured person’s quality of life.

However, this way of thinking prevents lawyers from appreciating the full extent of a significant car accident injury. Lifestyle changes following a serious injury in an auto accident – such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), for instance – are associated with numerous health risks. In fact, medical research shows that a change in one aspect of a person’s lifestyle has significant ripple effects throughout that person’s entire body. Because of this, it is important that attorneys also understand all these ripple effects on the accident victim’s way of life.

At Sinas Dramis Law Firm, our attorneys fully appreciate the total impact of car accident injuries. We strive to advocate for and ensure the rights of the injured to pursue car accident damages against negligent drivers.