Motorcycle Hit-and-Run Accident – What Every Motorcyclist in Michigan Should Know


Everyone knows Michigan is a no-fault auto insurance state. Under the No-Fault Act, priorities are established that determine which insurer is responsible for paying the injured person’s benefits. But, interestingly enough, motorcyclists occupy a strange place with regard to no-fault priorities in Michigan, especially when it comes to motorcycle hit-and-run accidents.

Motorcycles aren’t considered motor vehicles in Michigan. Therefore, they aren’t required to carry no-fault coverage. Yet motorcyclists may still collect no-fault benefits if they’re injured in an accident involving a motor vehicle.

Order of No-Fault Priorities for Motorcyclists

While the no-fault statute mandates that motorists seek benefits from their own insurer first, motorcyclists are subject to a “super priority” rule. Because of this, motorcyclists must seek benefits in the following order:

1. From the no-fault insurer of the motor vehicle owner or registrant involved in the accident.
2. From the no-fault insurer of the motor vehicle operator involved if different than the owner.
3. From the motorcycle operator’s no-fault insurer.
4. From the owner or registrant of the motorcycle’s no-fault insurer.

Order of Priorities in a Motorcycle Hit-and-Run

The vast majority of injured motorcyclists will obtain their no-fault benefits from the insurance company of the driver of the motor vehicle involved in the accident. But what happens in instances of motorcycle hit-and-run accidents? The Michigan Court of Appeals recently wrestled this question in the case of Hmeiden v. State Farm.

Hmeidan involved a motor vehicle/motorcycle hit-and-run collision wherein the driver of the car fled the scene after impact. Under normal circumstances and according to Michigan’s no-fault priorities, the injured motorcyclist would turn to the insurer of the vehicle involved or the insurer of the operator. However, since it was a hit-and-run and that information was unobtainable, payment continued down the list of priorities, falling to the motorcyclist himself.

This is where the confusion came in. While the motorcyclist didn’t own a motor vehicle, Progressive insured the motorcycle itself. Furthermore, at the time of the hit-and-run, the motorcyclist was living part-time with his mother, who owned vehicles (and therefore a no-fault policy) insured by State Farm. Progressive and State Farm agreed that the motorcyclist was entitled to no-fault benefits. However, they disagreed on who was responsible for payment.

State Farm argued that, because the motorcyclist wasn’t named on his mother’s no-fault policy, they weren’t on the hook for payment of benefits. Progressive countered that, because the motorcyclist lived with his mother, State Farm should pay the no-fault benefits under the “resident relative” provision of State Farm’s policy.

No-Fault Payment for Injured Motorcyclists

In the end, the Court of Appeals agreed with Progressive. As the “motor vehicle insurer” of the motorcyclist’s mother, State Farm was responsible for the payment. Because of the resident relative clause, naming the motorcyclist himself on the policy wasn’t required. It’s worth mentioning that, had all four priority levels failed, the motorcyclist could have pursued a no-fault claim through the Michigan Assigned Claims Plan. Additionally, motorcyclists may also purchase optional coverage known as motorcycle PIP coverage in increments of $5,000 or more. This coverage will pay for any injuries arising from accidents that don’t involve another motor vehicle or motorcycle hit-and-run collisions.

Authored by Grand Rapids auto accident attorney, Tom Sinas.

If you’re an injured motorcyclist and are having a hard time obtaining payment of your no-fault benefits, call the experienced motorcycle accident attorneys at Sinas Dramis Law Firm a 517-394-7500 or submit an online form.

More Info for Motorcyclists

New Michigan Motorcycle Laws – FOX 17 Know the Law – September 2, 2017

Michigan Motorcycle Laws – FOX 17 Know the Law – May 13, 2017